Wine growing region

The Goriška brda vine-growing district lies in the northern part of the Mediterranean wine growing area where influences from the Alps are still felt, if only just slightly. According to the European Union wine regulations, the region is classified as zone C II.

The landscape of Goriška brda is diverse and picturesque, the terraced slopes with average altitude of 150 m above sea level are suitable for high quality viticulture. Olive trees, elders and acacias are scattered throughout the landscape. The soft hills of Brda extend to the Italian side where they are known as “Collio”.

The Adriatic coast is only twenty kilometres away, on average, and its vicinity accounts for smaller temperature excursions through the year and a rather mild microclimate. The proximity of the sea creates peculiar conditions due to the sunlight being reflected from sea surface, bringing about the effect of double insolation. Influx of air is twofold: from the south, warm air penetrates from Adriatic Sea, whereas cold air masses from the north are partly hindered by the last hills of the Julian Alps. Breezes from the Alps keep the summer nights fresh, playing a favourable role in terms of acidity and aromatic substances of the grapes.

The soils of Goriška brda are composed of layers of marl, sandstone and clay from Eocene. They were formed millions of years ago when the area was covered by sea. 

Wine growing region Goriška Brda Through time

In this area with excellent geo-pedological and climatic conditions, wine growing is an ancient tradition going back as far as Pre-roman times.

In Roman era, Brda were part of the Regio X "Venetia et Histria". The name at that time was Colles or In Collibus. From 181 BC, the Roman colony of Aquileia was the nearest town and also one of the nine most important cities of the Roman Empire. Brda were also part of the Patriarchate of Aquileia.

Christianity spread from Aquileia and reached the region already in the 6th century. It is believed that the first chapel was built in Medana in 630.

Up until the 19th century the border between the Republic of Venice and Austrian Lands ran across Goriška brda and later on between unified Italy and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The first attempts of growing French grape varieties date in the second half of the 19th century.

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